Pet care

Information and articles to help you take care of your pet, and help to avoid some of the common preventable accidents and illnesses that can occur.

How to find a good dog or cat breeder

How to find a good breeder

Article by Dr Alice Marshall, Registered Veterinarian (NSW VSB)


Where you get your new puppy or kitten from is important. Dogs and cats inherit genetic and behavioural traits from their parents, and the research time you invest upfront can pay dividends in the long run for a happy, healthy pet.

Many beautiful animals are looking for new homes in animal shelters and rescue organisations. Organisations like the RSPCA, Lort Smith, Animal Welfare League (NSW) and Pet Rescue are good places to start your search.

If you’re unable to find the right animal for you or have specific requirements due to allergies, you’ll need to find a good breeder.

Here is a list of things to look out for on your search:


Ask to visit where the puppies or kittens are living. While you may not be allowed to handle the puppies, a responsible breeder will allow you to visit their home or breeding environment. It is crucial to see if the animals are raised in a happy and healthy environment and that you are not buying from a puppy factory. There are laws governing the breeding of dogs and cats in Australia. Good breeders keep their animals in a clean and comfortable environment that meet the standards set out by their state’s legislation.


Puppies and kittens can inherit genetic AND behavioural characteristics from their parents. Meeting the parents allows you to assess how they interact with you and gives you an insight into what your tiny ball of fluff will look like as an adult. Mothers should be with their puppies till they are 8-weeks old. Fathers may be kept separately, but the mothers should always be there.


Do some research on your chosen breed. Do not be afraid to ask the breeder how they screen for genetic diseases, how prevalent they are, and if they are present, what their management plan is.


At eight weeks of age, your puppy or kitten should be microchipped and should have received its first vaccination. They should also have had their first parasite protection treatment. The breeder should provide you with papers showing all this information so you can take your animal to your vet.


Some breeders stipulate conditions when you purchase animals from them – like not breeding from the animal; returning it to them to show; returning it to them to breed, or returning it to them if you have to surrender it. It is up to you if you agree with these or not, but it is important to be aware of them.


Knowing what you're getting into beforehand is also good advice. Lort Smith Vet and Adoption centre have a couple of pages around getting a new dog and getting a new cat


Anyone can become a dog breeder, so you must choose a dog breeder that genuinely cares about their animals’ health and welfare.

Healthy puppies and kittens come from breeders who genuinely value the welfare of their animals. Good breeders help set you up for success by providing a high standard of care and living conditions for all their animals, being open to your questions, and sending you home with a complete history of your new puppy/kitten.


Owning a pet has many day to day challenges and also a lot of fun as well. It's not often that you will need information on the pets medical history or microchip number, but it is good practice to have all your pets information filed in a way that is easily accessible, and you are not struggling to find things when events occur

When it comes to events occurring, it is also prudent to have pet insurance from day one of owning your pet. Vets Choice partner with a lot of breeders who are authorised by Vets Choice to sign up new puppies and kittens to a free 28 day insurance policy with Vets Choice. Please ask your vet/breeder/adoption centre about this, if they are unaware it is possible for them to be set up to partner with Vets Choice.

Making sure you have the right pet insurance is important to the life of any pet, but especially within the first year of life, as you never know what pets might be more susceptible to. Please see Vets Choice as they have some of the best dog insurance and best cat insurance policies available.

This article is for general information only. We recommend that you speak to your veterinarian regarding specific advice and help for your pet.